Note on Trade between Africa and China in the 9th and 10th century.
As examples some ivory items excavated at Shiraz, the capital of the province with Siraf as harbour. And a major trade partner for Africa-China trade

button 6th–8th century

pin: 6th–8th century



Handle: 3rd–7th century

As example: Belitung shipwreck (826)


Taken from:



                                                        The location of the wreck

826 CE: date written on a bowl on the Arab / Persian ship which probably sailed not long after, and sank at Batu Hitam, off Belitung island. The cargo was entirely from China, apparently destined for the Middle East, on a voyage via the Sunda Strait. The ship was of Middle Eastern construction, made of East African and Indian wood, sewn together with rope (possibly hibiscus, implying resewing in Southeast Asia); it was 20-22m long and 5m wide. The bulk of the cargo comprised mass-market Changsha ceramics, including 40,000 bowls, 1635 ewers, 763 inkpots, and 915 spice jars: motifs include Buddhist symbols, Persian-carpet and geometric designs, date palms, and Arabic Muslim scripts. In one area of the stern, there were items of imperial quality, which include fine Ding and Yue ceramics, three blue-and-white saucers (the earliest intact blue-and-white so far found), an octagonal gold cup with decorations including a Persian dancer and Central Asian figures, and exquisite silver boxes - a royal commission or gift? Perhaps to the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad? Other finds include a cast & wrought iron & wood anchor, lead ballast, silver ingots, many coins from 618-626CE, and star anise.