Left the sources of the Nile from al Sifaqsi (1551)

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Qadama (930) Kitab al Kharadj wa Sanat al katib
(Book of taxes and of secretarial work)

Taken from: Youssouf KamalIIIfasc1
Journal Asiatique 1837
Also called Kadama


Book 6 Geography
Fol 58a
….. Ham took on the south side the lands of the Zandjs, Hind, Sind and Sin then in the west the land of Nuba the Boudja and the Barber and all the islands in the eastern and western sea……
Fol 61b
….. From that sea a gulf springs at the land of Habacha, that gulf stretches in the direction of the Barbar, and is called the gulf of Bartbar, its length in the direction that it takes is 500 miles, where as its dimension at its beginning is 100 miles. ………….
Fol 63a
(About mountains) On the south of the equator in the south before arriving on the first climate there are nine mountains, from which five have about the same dimensions, as they vary between 400 and 500 miles. There is also found a mountain being 900 miles long, then the Djabal al Qamar which is about 1000 miles long. Then a mountain……
Fol 64a-b
The Nile leaves from the mountains of Al-Qomr situated south of the equator. There one big spring gives birth to ten rivers of which five run to one lake the other five to the other lake south of the equator. From each lake three rivers leave; they unite in a single lake situated in the first climate; at two degrees south of the equator; it is from that lake that the Nile of Misr leaves. ….. The Nile from its beginning has a length of 2000 and some miles. A different spring has its centre on the equator and gives birth to a river that flows towards the Nile and unites with it close to the town of the Nuba.