Kunlun nu

Some statues found in China from Kunlun-nu (slaves) most probably people from South East Asia.

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Hui-Lin: I Ch'ieh Ching Yin I (737-820) (Lexicon)

Taken from : Paul Pelliot 1923-25

Here is found an account of the Kun-Lun people. They are also called Kurung.
The kunlun language: the upper is pronounced kun the lower lun, this commonly used language is ordinarily also called Gulun.
They are the barbarous men of the islands, great and small, of the southern seas. They are very black, and expose their naked figures.
They can tame and cow ferocious beasts, rhinoceroses, elephants and the like. There are many races and varieties of them thus there are
the Zangis, the Turmi, the Kurdang and the Khmer. All are simple humble people. Their nations have nothing of good from or social
responsibility. They rob and steal for a living and are fond of chewing up and devouring humans, as if they were some sort of rakshas or evil
ghosts. The language they speak are not correct and proper ones being different from those of the several "bulwark" nations. They excel
when they go in the water, and they can remain there the whole day and not die.

Note:  Khmer is Chinese Kap-miet. Turmi is Tuet-mjie. Kurdang is Kuot-d'ang
Note : The Zangis mentioned here might well be the black people in the Indonesian archipelago. (Papua?) There is only one chinese symbol
used to write Zangis it is the one commenly pronounced as "seng" (and mostly  translated as monk)

Taken from: Archaeology and Language III: Artefacts, Languages and Texts edited by Roger Blench, Matthew Spriggs


(He is quoting Zhang Yi’s Guangya written in 230 AD and a commentary on the Zhuangzi by Sima Biao d305AD

Expose; bo: the lower is pronounced bo. Sima Biao commenting the Zhuangzi says: The bo are sea-going ships. In the Guangya bo is a sea ship too. They lie six or seven feet deep in the water. They are fast and can transport more than 1000 men, apart from cargo. They are also called kunlun bo. Many of those who form the crews and technicians of these ships are Kunlun (Southeast Asian) people. With the fibrous bark of the coconut tree, they make cords which bind the parts of the ship together (…). Nails and clamps are not used, for fear that the heating of the iron would give rise to fires, (The ships) are constructed by assembling (several) thicknesses of side-planks, for the boards are thin and they fear they woul break. Their length is over sixty meters (..). Sails are hoisted to make use of the winds, and (these ships) cannot be propelled by the strength of men (alone).
See also: Note on KUNLUN Empire